Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is primarily a disorder of voluntary movement and co-ordination, due to a defect or lesion of the immature brain. It is an umbrella term covering a group of non-progressive, though not unchanging, motor impairment conditions, which range from multiple and profound to barely detectable. There are three main types:

  • Spastic cerebral palsy refers to increase muscle tone or hypertonia
  • Ataxic cerebral palsy refers to disordered movements characterised by short and jerky movements. Often muscle tone is normal or decreased
  • Dyskinetic cerebral palsy usually comprises slow writhing movements where muscle tone fluctuates between increased and decreased tone

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